Judo (The Gentle Way) – 柔道

Judo (meaning ‘gentle way’) is a modern martial art, combat and Olympic sport created in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano. Its most prominent feature is its competitive element, where the objective is to either throw or takedown an opponent to the ground, immobilize or otherwise subdue an opponent with a pin, or force an opponent to submit with a joint lock or a choke. Strikes and thrusts by hands and feet as well as weapons defenses are a part of judo, but only in pre-arranged forms (kata) and are not allowed in judo competition or free practice (randori). The philosophy and subsequent pedagogy developed for judo became the model for other modern Japanese martial arts that developed from koryu (traditional schools). The worldwide spread of judo has led to the development of a number of offshoots such as Sambo and Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Judo practitioners are called judoka. (source: Wikipedia)

 

Judo Nage Waza

Nage Waza 投げ技 – Judo Throwing Techniques

Every throw has 3 parts: the kuzushi (taking or breaking balance), tsukuri (entering), and kake (the throw). The person performing the throw is called the Tori, and the person on whom the throw is performed is called the Uke.
Move In Romanji Move In English Move In Japanese
Koshi GurumaHip Wheelyellow stripe
O GoshiMajor Hip Throwyellow stripe
O Soto GariMajor Outer Reapyellow stripe
O Uchi GariMajor Inner Reapyellow
Ippon Seoi NageOne Arm Shoulder Throwyellow
Sasae Tsurikomi AshiSupporting Tilting Foot Throwyellow
Morote Seoi NageTwo Hand Shoulder Throwgreen stripe
Ko Uchi GariMinor Inner Reapgreen stripe
Harai GoshiSweeping Hip Throwgreen stripe
De Ashi HaraiAdvancing Foot Sweepgreen
Uchi MataInner Thigh Throwgreen
Tai OtoshiBody Dropgreen
Sode Tsurikomi GoshiLifting Pulling Sleeve Throwblue stripe
Hane GoshiSpring Hip Throwblue stripe
Okuri Ashi HaraiFollowing Foot Sweepblue stripe
Ko Soto GariMinor Outer Reapblue stripe
O GurumaMajor Wheel Throwblue
Ashi GurumaLeg Wheelblue
Morote GariTwo Hand Sweepblue
Seoi OtoshiShoulder Dropblue
Uki OtoshiFloating Dropsankyu
Ushiro GoshiRear Hip Throwsankyu
Soto MakikomiOuter Wrap Throwsankyu
Tani OtoshiValley Dropsankyu
Kata GurumaShoulder Wheelsankyu
Hiza GurumaKnee Wheelsankyu
Uki GoshiFloating Hipnikyu
Tsuri Komi GoshiLifting Pulling Hip Thrownikyu
Ko Soto GakeMinor Outside Hooknikyu
Kuchiki TaoshiOne Hand Dropnikyu
Tomoe NageCircular Thrownikyu
Utsuri GoshiHip Transfernikyu
Uchi Mata SukashiInner Thigh Voidikkyu
Kibisu GaeshiHeel Trip Reversalikkyu
Sumi GaeshiCorner Throwikkyu
Sukui NageScooping Throwikkyu
Harai Goshi GaeshiHip Sweep Counter-
O Soto MakikomiMajor Outer Wraparound-
Ko Uchi GaeshiMinor Inner Reap Counter-
O Soto GaeshiMajor Outer Reap Counter-
Uchi Mata GaeshiInner Thigh Reap Counter-
Kani BasamiFlying Scissors-
Kawazu GakeOne Leg Entanglement Drop-
Uchi Mata MakikomiInner Thigh Wraparound-
Harai MakikomiSweeping Wraparound-
Uchi MakikomiOuter Winding-
Daki AgeHigh Lift-
Hane Goshi GaeshiHip Spring Counter-
O Uchi GaeshiMajor Inner Reap Counter-
Tsubame GaeshiSwallow Counter-
Tawara GaeshiRice Bale Reversal-
Yoko OtoshiSide Drop-
Harai Tsurikomi AshiLifting Pulling Foot Sweep-
Hane MakikomiSpring Wrap Around Throw-
Seoi NageShoulder Throw-
O Soto GurumaMajor Outer Wheel-
Uki WazaFloating Technique-
Yoko WakareSide Separation-
Yoko GurumaSide Wheel-
Ura NageRear Throw-
Sumi OtoshiCorner Drop-
Yoko GakeSide Drop-
Obi OtoshiBelt Drop-
Yama ArashiMountain Storm-
O Soto OtoshiMajor Outer Drop-
Daki WakareRear Trunk Turnover-
Hikikomi GaeshiPulling In Reversal-
Tsuri GoshiLifting Hip Throw-
Judo Osaekomi Waza

Osaekomi Waza 押込技 – Judo Holding Techniques

Osaekomi, or holding techniques are an integral part of the ancient battlefield art. Many of these pins were created to keep the practicioner safe while holding down an armed opponent. In this, their original intention, they also rely on a nearby ally to finish off the opponent. Within the sport of Judo, these holding techniques are the basis for points achieved on the ground.
Move In Romanji Move In English Move In Japanese
Kesa GatameScarf Holdyellow stripe
Kata GatameShoulder Holdyellow stripe
Yoko Shiho GatameSide Four Corner Pinyellow
Kami Shiho GatameFront Four Corner Pinyellow
Kuzuri Kami Shiho GatameBroken Four Corner Pingreen stripe
Ushiro Kesa GatameReverse Scarf Holdgreen stripe
Kuzure Kesa GatameModified Scarf Holdgreen
Tate Shiho GatameVertical Four Corner Holdgreen
Mune GatameChest Hold Down-
Uki GatameFloating Hold-
Kuzure Tate Shiho GatameModified Vertical Four Corner Hold-
Makura Kesa GatamePillow Scarf Hold-
Judo Shime Waza

Shime Waza 絞技 – Judo Choking Techniques

Shime or Choking Techniques are considered advanced and should only be attempted under the careful supervision of an experienced teacher. When practicing Shime Waza, remember to slowly apply pressure, and if you are the Uke, tap out once you feel the choke has been applied correctly.
Move In Romanji Move In English Move In Japanese
Nami Juji JimeNormal Cross Chokegreen stripe
Gyaku Juji JimeReverse Cross Chokegreen stripe
Kata Juji JimeHalf Cross Chokegreen stripe
Hadaka JimeNaked Chokegreen
Okuri Eri JimeSliding Lapel Chokegreen
Kata Ha JimeSingle Wing Chokegreen
Sankaku JimeTriangle Chokeblue stripe
Sode Garuma JimeSleeve Wheel Chokeblue stripe
Ryo Te JimeTwo Handed Choke-
Tsukkomi JimeThrust Choke-
Judo Kansetsu Waza

Kansetsu Waza 関節技 – Judo Joint Lock Techniques

Kansetsu or joint lock techniques are finishing manouvers intended to apply pressure to joints in order to achieve victory by submission. The Uke must take care to tap as soon as painful pressure is achieved as many of these techniques will quickly cause damage to the joints when applied correctly. The Tori should slowly apply the technique so as not to injure the Uke.
Move In Romanji Move In English Move In Japanese
Ude GaramiBent Arm Lockgreen
Ude Hishigi Ude GarameStraight Arm Lockblue stripe
Ude Hishigi Juji GatameCross Lockblue stripe
Ude Hishigi Waki GatameArmpit Lockblue
Ude Hishigi Hiza GatameKnee Lockblue
Ude Hishigi Hara GatameStomach Lockblue
Ude Hishigi Ashi GatameLeg Lockblue
Ude Hishigi Te GatameHand Lock-
Hiza GatameKnee Lock-
Kannuki GatameGate Bar Arm Lock-
Ashi GaramiAnkle Lock-
Gyaku Juji GatameReverse Cross Lock-
Ude Hishigi Sankaku GatameTriangle Lock-