Judo (The Gentle Way) – 柔道

Nage Waza
投げ技

Nage Waza 投げ技 - Judo Throwing Techniques

Every throw has 3 parts: the kuzushi (taking or breaking balance), tsukuri (entering), and kake (the throw). The person performing the throw is called the Tori, and the person on whom the throw is performed is called the Uke.

Kanji Move Name

Romanji Move Name

English Move Name

出足払

De Ashi Harai

Advancing Foot Sweep

膝車

Hiza Guruma

Knee Wheel

支釣込足

Sasae Tsurikomi Ashi

Supporting Tilting Foot Throw

浮腰

Uki Goshi

Floating Hip

大外刈

O Soto Gari

Major Outer Reap

大腰

O Goshi

Major Hip Throw

大内刈

O Uchi Gari

Major Inner Reap

一本 背負投

Ippon Seoi Nage

One Arm Shoulder Throw

小外刈

Ko Soto Gari

Minor Outer Reap

小内刈

Ko Uchi Gari

Minor Inner Reap

腰車

Koshi Guruma

Hip Wheel

釣込腰

Tsuri Komi Goshi

Lifting Pulling Hip Throw

送足払

Okuri Ashi Harai

Following Foot Sweep

体落し

Tai Otoshi

Body Drop

払腰

Harai Goshi

Sweeping Hip Throw

内股

Uchi Mata

Inner Thigh Throw

小外掛

Ko Soto Gake

Minor Outside Hook

釣腰

Tsuri Goshi

Lifting Hip Throw

横落

Yoko Otoshi

Side Drop

足車

Ashi Guruma

Leg Wheel

跳ね腰

Hane Goshi

Spring Hip Throw

払釣込足

Harai Tsurikomi Ashi

Lifting Pulling Foot Sweep

巴投

Tomoe Nage

Circular Throw

肩車

Kata Guruma

Shoulder Wheel

隅返

Sumi Gaeshi

Corner Throw

谷落

Tani Otoshi

Valley Drop

跳巻込

Hane Makikomi

Spring Wrap Around Throw

掬い投

Sukui Nage

Scooping Throw

移腰

Utsuri Goshi

Hip Transfer

大車

O Guruma

Major Wheel Throw

外巻込

Soto Makikomi

Outer Wrap Throw

浮落

Uki Otoshi

Floating Drop

背負い投げ

Morote Seoi Nage

Two Hand Shoulder Throw

背負落

Seoi Otoshi

Shoulder Drop

背負い投げ

Seoi Nage

Shoulder Throw

大外車

O Soto Guruma

Major Outer Wheel

浮技

Uki Waza

Floating Technique

横分

Yoko Wakare

Side Separation

横車

Yoko Guruma

Side Wheel

後腰

Ushiro Goshi

Rear Hip Throw

裏投

Ura Nage

Rear Throw

隅落

Sumi Otoshi

Corner Drop

横掛

Yoko Gake

Side Drop

帯落

Obi Otoshi

Belt Drop

山嵐

Yama Arashi

Mountain Storm

大外落

O Soto Otoshi

Major Outer Drop

抱分

Daki Wakare

Rear Trunk Turnover

引込返

Hikikomi Gaeshi

Pulling In Reversal

俵返

Tawara Gaeshi

Rice Bale Reversal

諸手刈

Morote Gari

Two Hand Sweep

踵返

Kibisu Gaeshi

Heel Trip Reversal

抱上

Daki Age

High Lift

小内返し

Ko Uchi Gaeshi

Minor Inner Reap Counter

大外返

O Soto Gaeshi

Major Outer Reap Counter

内股返

Uchi Mata Gaeshi

Inner Thigh Reap Counter

蟹挟

Kani Basami

Flying Scissors

河津掛

Kawazu Gake

One Leg Entanglement Drop

内股巻込

Uchi Mata Makikomi

Inner Thigh Wraparound

朽木倒

Kuchiki Taoshi

One Hand Drop

内股すかし

Uchi Mata Sukashi

Inner Thigh Void

燕返し

Tsubame Gaeshi

Swallow Counter

大内返

O Uchi Gaeshi

Major Inner Reap Counter

払腰返

Harai Goshi Gaeshi

Hip Sweep Counter

跳腰返

Hane Goshi Gaeshi

Hip Spring Counter

大外巻込

O Soto Makikomi

Major Outer Wraparound

払巻込

Harai Makikomi

Sweeping Wraparound

袖釣込腰

Sode Tsurikomi Goshi

Lifting Pulling Sleeve Throw

内巻込

Uchi Makikomi

Outer Winding

Osaekomi Waza
押込技

Osaekomi Waza 押込技 - Judo Holding Techniques

Osaekomi, or holding techniques are an integral part of the ancient battlefield art. Many of these pins were created to keep the practicioner safe while holding down an armed opponent. In this, their original intention, they also rely on a nearby ally to finish off the opponent. Within the sport of Judo, these holding techniques are the basis for points achieved on the ground.

Kanji Move Name

Romanji Move Name

English Move Name

袈裟固

Kesa Gatame

Scarf Hold

肩固

Kata Gatame

Shoulder Hold

横四方固め

Yoko Shiho Gatame

Side Four Corner Pin

上四方固

Kami Shiho Gatame

Front Four Corner Pin

崩上四方固

Kuzuri Kami Shiho Gatame

Broken Four Corner Pin

後袈裟固

Ushiro Kesa Gatame

Reverse Scarf Hold

縦四方固

Tate Shiho Gatame

Vertical Four Corner Hold

Mune Gatame

Chest Hold Down


Uki Gatame

Floating Hold

Kuzure Tate Shiho Gatame

Modified Vertical Four Corner Hold

崩袈裟固

Kuzure Kesa Gatame

Modified Scarf Hold

Makura Kesa Gatame

Pillow Scarf Hold

Shime Waza
絞技

Shime Waza 絞技 - Judo Choking Techniques

Shime or Choking Techniques are considered advanced and should only be attempted under the careful supervision of an experienced teacher. When practicing Shime Waza, remember to slowly apply pressure, and if you are the Uke, tap out once you feel the choke has been applied correctly.

Kanji Move Name

Romanji Move Name

English Move Name

送襟絞

Okuri Eri Jime

Sliding Lapel Choke

裸絞め

Hadaka Jime

Naked Choke

三角絞

Sankaku Jime

Triangle Choke

袖車絞め

Sode Garuma Jime

Sleeve Wheel Choke

両手絞

Ryo Te Jime

Two Handed Choke

突込絞

Tsukkomi Jime

Thrust Choke

Kansetsu Waza
関節技

Kansetsu Waza 関節技 - Judo Joint Lock Techniques

Kansetsu or joint lock techniques are finishing manouvers intended to apply pressure to joints in order to achieve victory by submission. The Uke must take care to tap as soon as painful pressure is achieved as many of these techniques will quickly cause damage to the joints when applied correctly. The Tori should slowly apply the technique so as not to injure the Uke.

Kanji Move Name

Romanji Move Name

English Move Name

腕挫腕固

Ude Hishigi Ude Garame

Straight Arm Lock

腕挫腋固

Ude Hishigi Waki Gatame

Armpit Lock

逆十字絞

Gyaku Juji Gatame

Reverse Cross Lock

足絡

Ashi Garami

Ankle Lock

Kannuki Gatame

Gate Bar Arm Lock

腕挫膝固

Hiza Gatame

Knee Lock

腕挫足固

Ude Hishigi Ashi Gatame

Leg Lock

腕挫腹固

Ude Hishigi Hara Gatame

Stomach Lock

腕挫膝固

Ude Hishigi Hiza Gatame

Knee Lock

腕挫十字固

Ude Hishigi Juji Gatame

Cross Lock

腕挫手固

Ude Hishigi Te Gatame

Hand Lock

腕挫三角固

Ude Hishigi Sankaku Gatame

Triangle Lock

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